Common brand names: Valium, Antenex and Diastat.

Valium is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration to treat the following disorders:
  • Anxiety disorder
  • Symptoms of anxiety (short-term)
  • Acute alcohol withdrawal
  • Skeletal muscle spasm due to reflex spasms
  • Spasticity caused by upper motor neuron disorder
  • Convulsive disorder (adjunctive)
  • Pre-operative anxiety (injection only)
  • Initial treatment of status epilepticus (injection only)

In addition it is commonly used 'off-label' (which means that it is not formally approved by the US FDA but has shown good anecdotal efficacy in treating the disorder) for the following disorders:
  • Insomnia
  • Panic Disorder
  • withdrawal from other benzodiazepines